1 先后关系 at this time; first; second; at last; next;previously;simultaneously;eventually;last but not least;to begin with;to start with;to end with;finally;since then;first of all;afterwards; following this; preceding this;prior to this
2 因果关系 because;because of this;since;as;for;owing to;due to;for the reason that...;in view of;for such areason; as a result of; therefore;consequently;as a result;thus; hence; so;so that...; in consequence; as a consequence;accordingly;inevitably;under these conditions
3 转折关系 but;even so;however;though;even though;independent of;reckless of ;despite that;in spite ofthat;regardless of;while…yet…;unless...
4 并列关系 and;also;too;as well as;either...，or...;both...and...;for onething...，for another...; meanwhile;at the same time
5 递进关系 furthermore;moreover;further;In this way;still; notonly...but also...; not...but...;in addition (to);additionally, much more interesting;more specifically;next;besides; as faras... is concerned; moreover;in other words;on one hand...;on the other hand...;even; as a poplar saying goes...;in order to do it...; to make things better(worse);accordingly;
6 比较关系(相同点) similarly; in like manner, in comparison with;when compared with;compared with;when in fact...; like...; likewise; similarly important; apart from(doing)...; ... rather than...，by doing so ;both…and...; in the same way;not only...but (also)
7 对照关系(不同点) yet; still; for all of that; notwithstanding; rather; neither ... nor; although;though; but; however; something is just the other way around(另一种方式);yet;conversely; unlike; opposed to; as opposed to ; in contrast; by way of;on the contrary;different from this;nevertheless; contrary to; whereas; while
8.举例关系 for example; for instance; in thiscase; namely; as you know;like; such as; a case inpoint is...; in particular;including...; put it simply;stated roughly;as an illustration;a good example would be...;to detail this, I would like to...; It is interesting to note that...;as proof;take the case of;take…as example;as for;as regards;according to;on this occasion.
9 强调关系 in fact;especially;particularly;moreover;naturally; what is particular;not to mention...;believe it or not;undeniably;it is certain/sure that...;by definition;definitely; undoubtedly; without a doubt; in truth;in any event; without reservation;obviously;not only..
10 条件关系 if;unless;lest;provided that(考虑到);if it is the case;in this sense;once...;if possible;if necessary;if so;if not all;if anything
11 归纳总结 in other words;to put it in a nutshell; in sum; therefore;hence;in short;in brief;to sum up;in conclusion; in summary; to conclude;the conclusion can be drawn that...; in short
12 方位关系 beyond; opposite to; adjacent to(毗邻的); at the same place; there; over; in the middle; around; in front of; in the distance; farther; here and there; above;below; at the right; between; on this side
13 目的关系 with this object; for this purpose; in order that; in this way;since; so that; on that account;in case; with a view to; for the same reason.
14 重申关系 in other words; that is to say; namely;to put it in another way;as I have said;again;once again.
15 时间关系 at once; immediately; at length; in the meantime; meanwhile; at the same time;in the end; then; soon; not long after; later; at once; at last; finally; some time ago; at present; all of asudden; from this time on; from time to time; since then; when; whenever; next point; a few minutes later; formerly; as; once;since; occasionally; in a moment; shortly;whereupon; previously.